Citation Analyses

The importance of citations as recognition of scientific work by peers

An essential form of recognition of scientific performance by specialist colleagues is the correct citation of borrowed and/or further developed theories and/or research findings within the author's own work.

Literature databases, which provide information on the number of citations of scientific papers, have gained exceptional influence, especially within science policy and administration. They are used for the evaluation of sciences, institutions, professorships, journals and, occasionally, also single persons.

ZPID reports on the possibilities and limitations of the use of such bibliometric indicators in evaluation projects in the field of German-speaking psychology.

Alongside aspects of acquiring citation data and possible sources of error, it was also investigated to which degree citations seriously and concretely refer to the cited paper and how often citations are merely vague and superficial.

Furthermore, information on the relative frequency of citations in different types of publications (journal articles, books, book chapters, empirical vs. theoretical contributions) was gained.

Select publications

  • Krampen, G. (2010). Acceleration of citing behavior after the millennium? Exemplary bibliometric reference analyses for psychology journals. Scientometrics, 83(2), 507-513.

  • Krampen, G., Becker, R., Wahner, U., & Montada, L. (2007). On the validity of citation counting in science evaluation: Content analyses of references and citations in psychological publications. Scientometrics, 71, 191-202.

  • Montada, L. (1998). Fug und Unfug in der Bewertung von Impactfaktoren für Zeitschriften. Psychologische Rundschau, 4, 228-230.

  • Schui, G., & Krampen, G. (2010). Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Anwendung szientometrischer Indikatoren in Evaluationen sowie ihre Integration in ein allgemeines Modell der Wissenschaftsevaluierung. Qualität in der Wissenschaft, 4, 86-90.

  • Schui, G., & Krampen, G. (2006). Bibliometrische Indikatoren als Evaluationskriterien: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen. In G. Krampen, & H. Zayer (Hrsg.), Didaktik und Evaluation in der Psychologie (S. 11-26). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

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Dr. Gabriel Schui
Phone: +49 (0)651 201-2910
Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information
Universitätsring 15,
54296 Trier, Germany
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