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Epistemic beliefs and critical scientific thinking

Funding: Budgetary funds
Grant term: April 2016 -
Project Manager: Dr. Tom Rosman
Project Staff: --

Description

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Since the rise of the internet, scientific knowledge is readily available to everyone. Individuals can use such knowledge to form an opinion about everyday issues or to make sensible and purposeful decisions: Should I worry about climate change? Is red wine really good for the heart? Should I raise my children bilingually?

Individuals differ in their beliefs whether research is able to provide universal answers to such questions. Moreover, they are often unsure whom to trust when findings from different studies contradict each other. In short: Individuals have very different perceptions about the nature of scientific knowledge. For example, one person might view scientific knowledge as an accumulation of absolute "facts" whereas another person might think of such knowledge as subjective "opinions" of researchers. Psychology and educational research investigate such phenomena under the umbrella term "epistemic beliefs ".

books

The focal topic »epistemic beliefs« focuses on how changes in epistemic beliefs might be induced through specialized interventions. Moreover, the effects of epistemic beliefs (e.g., on critical thinking or epistemic emotions) are investigated in the context of individuals dealing with conflicting information. For example, we empirically showed that confronting students with contradictory findings and inciting them to resolve the controversies by identifying moderating variables might be well-suited to induce epistemic change towards more differentiated epistemic beliefs.

Various cooperation projects have arisen in the context of the focal topic:

  • The effects of epistemic beliefs on the perceived practical value of general pedagogical knowledge in teacher education
    Dr. Samuel Merk1 (University of Tübingen), Dr. Jürgen Schneider2 (University of Tübingen), Julia Ruess3 (HU Berlin), Dr. Marcus Syring4 (LMU München)
  • Differential changes in teacher education students' epistemic beliefs in the context of a research-orientated seminar.
    Dr. Myriam Schlag5 (University of Mainz)
  • The interplay between subjective abilities and subjective study demands in teacher education students
    Dr. Carla Bohndick6 (University Koblenz-Landau)

Publikations

2017

2016

2015

Talks/Posters

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

URLs of the links on this page:

  1. www.erziehungswissenschaft.uni-tuebingen.de/abteilungen/schulpaedagogik/personal/merk-samuel-jun-prof-dr.html
  2. www.uni-tuebingen.de/fakultaeten/wirtschafts-und-sozialwissenschaftliche-fakultaet/faecher/erziehungswissenschaft/abteilungen/schulpaedagogik/personal/schneider-juergen-dr.html
  3. www.hu-berlin.de/de/einrichtungen-organisation/verwaltung/bolognalab/begleitende_forschung/team
  4. www.edu.lmu.de/spe/personen/mitarbeiter/syring/index.html
  5. bildungswissenschaften.psychologie.sowi.uni-mainz.de/dr-myriam-schlag/
  6. www.uni-koblenz-landau.de/de/methodenzentrum/ueberuns/team/mosaik/carla-bohndick/carla-bohndick
  7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.01.006
  8. www.zpid.de/pub/research/Birke_Rosman_Mayer_2016_Entwicklung_epistemologischer_Ueberzeugungen.pdf
  9. www.zpid.de/pub/research/Mayer_Rosman_Hrsg_2016_Epistemologische_Ueberzeugungen.pdf
  10. www.zpid.de/pub/research/Mayer_Rosman_2016_Epistemologische_Überzeugungen_und_Wissenserwerb.pdf
  11. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.mrae15ent24
  12. www.zpid.de/pub/research/Peter_Mayer_Rosman_2016_Epistemologische_Ueberzeugungen_und_Informationskompetenz.pdf
  13. http://www.psychopen.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/books/978-3-8440-4856-8/Kraemer_Tagungsband_Psychologiedidaktik_2016_185-192_Rosmann.pdf
  14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.05.017
  15. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2016_Rosman_et_al_Epistemic_Beliefs.pdf
  16. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12098
  17. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2017_Rosman_GEBF.pdf
  18. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2016_Bohndick_Rosman_GEBF_Passung_und_Studienerfolg.pdf
  19. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2016_Bohndick_Rosman_et_al_JURE.pdf
  20. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2016_Rosman_PEL_Epistemic_belief_development.pdf
  21. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2016_Rosman_Epis-Entwicklung_Poster.pdf
  22. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2016_Rosman_SIG-MC_epistemic.pdf
  23. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2016_Rosman_Psychologiedidaktik.pdf
  24. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2015_rosman_EARLI-poster_limassol.pdf
  25. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2015_Rosman_epistemologischer-Ueberzeugungen_Kassel.pdf
  26. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2014_ICAP-Paris_Johannes_Peter.pdf
  27. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2014_peter_epistemologischer-ueberzeugungen.pdf
  28. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2014_Rosman-Bochum.pdf
  29. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2013_Poster-Relationship_Istanbul_Peter.pdf
  30. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2013_Poster-Evaluation_Potsdam_Peter.pdf
  31. www.zpid.de/pub/research/2012_ICCC-guenther.pdf


weiterführende Informationen

Additional Information

Dr. Tom Rosman
Phone: +49 (0)651 201-2284
Fax: +49 (0)651 201-2071
Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information
Universitätsring 15,
54296 Trier, Germany
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URL of this page: https://www.zpid.de/index.php?wahl=forschung&uwahl=project&uuwahl=EPIS&lang=EN